Health Risks of Alcohol Abuse
Alcohol Abuse Alcohol Effects

Health Risks of Alcohol Abuse

November 29, 2018

Overconsumption of alcohol takes a toll on both the mental and physical health of the victim. There are too many health risks associated with chronic heavy drinking, more than any layman would know. So here is a list of the effect of alcohol on our health:

  • Anemia

The number of oxygen-carrying red blood cells can face a considerable reduction due to heavy drinking which leads to a condition called anemia. Anemic patients suffer from shortness of breath, fatigue, and lightheadedness.

  • Pancreatitis

Up to 60% of the cases of pancreatitis stem from overconsumption of alcohol.  Drinking causes the pancreas to inflame which in turn interferes with the digestion of the victim. Thus the patient undergoes severe abdominal pain accompanied by persistent diarrhea, and this condition is incurable.

  • Infectious Diseases

Heavy consumption of alcohol compromises the immune system and triggers the chances for diseases like pneumonia, tuberculosis and other sexually transmitted diseases like HIV/AIDS. It may also lead to infertility.

  • Blood Pressure

Bingeing on alcohol damages the sympathetic nervous system that is responsible for the dilation and constriction of blood vessels in response to any conditions of stress, exertion, etc. Heavy drinking leads to a chronic boost in the blood pressure which can in the long term cause kidney and heart diseases, stroke and other cardiovascular disorders.

  • Nerve Disorders

Alcohol Neuropathy is a form of nerve damage caused due to heavy drinking. It can produce symptoms like muscle weakness, erectile dysfunction, incontinence, constipation and even cause numbness or extreme sharp pains.

  • Epilepsy

Alcohol binging can lead to epilepsy or cause seizures in non-epileptic people. It also interferes with the successful functioning of the medications required to treat the convulsions.

  • Gouts

Chronic heavy drinking can form gouts. It is a condition of deposition of uric acid crystals in the joints.

  • Depression and Anxiety

Alcohol binging tremendously affects mental health causing depression and anxiety. Other brain malfunctions like schizophrenia, obsessive-compulsive disorder, bipolar disorder, and post-traumatic stress disorder can also come into being.

  • Liver

Too much alcohol in the body can cause the liver to stop functioning, a condition known as liver cirrhosis.

  • Dementia

Dementia and memory loss is another disorder caused due to excessive alcohol.

  • Cancer

Chronic alcohol intake increases the chances of cancers of the colon, rectum, mouth, stomach, larynx, breast, liver and esophagus.

  • Diabetes

Excessive drinking may also lead to the conditions of diabetes.

  • Osteoporosis

Alcohol abuse tends to weaken bone health which in the future can lead to osteoporosis.

  • Pregnancy

Fetal alcohol syndrome is a condition linked to alcohol consumption during pregnancy which deters the mental and physical growth of the baby. Drinking during pregnancy also boosts the chances of stillborn babies.

Due to overconsumption of alcohol, I  became irritable and moody. Fatigue started taking over, and I had detached myself from the things going on around me. I became violent and started showing antisocial behavior.

Brain functioning gets disrupted which can lead to various accidents. A drunkard stands as a threat not only to himself but also to the people in his immediate surroundings.

Alcohol abuse can be labeled as a chronic disease in which a person preoccupies himself with uncontrolled alcohol consumption which leads to alcoholism. It cripples his functioning. Many people suffer from alcohol abuse but hardly a handful of them acknowledge their problem. It is self-diagnosable although extreme cases call for medical expertise.